The role of proxy wars are best known from the Cold War, when conflicts played out in the context of competing ideologies: communism and democracy. proxy war synonyms, proxy war pronunciation, proxy war translation, English dictionary definition of proxy war. S even years into Syria’s “civil war,” the country is at greater risk than ever of being overrun by the proxy wars of other nations.. These substitute actors could be smaller states or non-state actors. Utility refers to the idea that a proxy can do what is needed—that it can perform the tasks necessary to carry out the intervention. The picture these theories paint of proxies are built upon principal-agent relationships and metered by strategic risk. This work, arguing that proxy warfare is the dominant form of … The goal of the United States was to stop the spread of communism while the Soviet Union wanted to spread communism in order to increase their own sphere of influence. Tag - Iran Saudi Arabia Proxy War Theory. October 11, 2020. Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. A proxy war occurs when a major power instigates or plays a major role in supporting and directing a party to a conflict but does only a small portion of the actual fighting itself. Yaacov Bar-Siman-Tov. By 2018 at least 10,000 people had been killed in clashes between Ukrainian armed forces and Russian-backed paramilitary units in the Donets Basin. efficacy, utility, policy, coherence, control. Published to University Press Scholarship Online: September 2019, DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9781503608184.001.0001. The Strategy of War by Proxy. The theory articulates two models of proxy warfare, a In order for a conflict to be considered a proxy war, there must be a direct, long-term relationship between external actors and the belligerents involved. This paper does so by proposing a theory of proxy warfare, currently absent from discussions of military theory, based on historical study, social theory and the tyranny of time. This chapter presents a theory of how to conduct proxy war in a way that maximizes such a policy’s utility and efficacy. CHAPTER 4 A THEORY OF PROXY WAR. Therefore, efficacy represents the long-term perspective. the definition here of ‘proxy warfare’ still rests on an underlying premise of indirect engagement, with State A hiring proxies in State B to conduct ‘subversive operations’ on its behalf. What does proxy war mean? A Deeper Examination of the Problems with the By, With, and Through Approach . The main international players in the proxy war are Saudi Arabia, who is supporting the Sunni rebels, and Russia and Iran, who are allying with the Assad regime. Learn more. Proxy Battles in Just War Theory:∗ Jus in Bello, the Site of Justice, and Feasibility Constraints Seth Lazar (ANU) and Laura Valentini (LSE) 1. The conventional understanding of the term Proxy War or War by Proxy was defined during the Cold War period as a confrontation between two great powers by the use of substitute actors such as to avoid direct confrontation (Bar-Siman-Tov 1984). Tag - Iran Saudi Arabia Proxy War Theory. Proxy war 1. While conflicts in Ukraine and Afghanistan appear stuck, for the moment, in a precarious status quo, Syria, Iraq, Libya, and Yemen stand out as ground zero in multi-sided proxy wars that are testing international norms. If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. Instead, the purpose of this paper is to add to existing military theory and accepted precepts of war. During the Cold War, analysis of proxy war was heavily state-centric and was viewed through the binary lens of U.S.-Soviet competition for influence.19 Post-Cold War analysis of proxy warfare has given greater attention to the way that states might use rebel or insurgent groups or other non-state actors as surrogates or proxies to exert influence in another state.20 However, the difficulty … While Pfaff’s analysis is normative in character, being based in the legal tradition of “just war theory” (jus ad bellum), the norms of proxy wars” at which he arrives map remarkably well onto the political considerations that lie at the heart of unconventional warfare strategy. To complicate things, proxy wars are indirect interventions in which a Beneficiary uses a Proxy against a specific Target. Meaning of proxy war. A proxy war is an armed conflict between two states or non-state actors which act on the instigation or on behalf of other parties that are not directly involved in the hostilities. Regardless of how well the proxy appears to fit the need, the reliance on another to pursue interests and objectives means that the intervening state must prepare for the additional costs and challenges associated with working through a third party. Asymmetric warfare (or asymmetric engagement) is war between belligerents whose relative military power differs significantly, or whose strategy or tactics differ significantly. University Press Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. THE CHARACTER OF PROXY WAR. Proxy war 1. This theory sees the world with the logical and realistic point of view. Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Syria: the proxy war George Joffé NOREF Article August 2012 Executive summary It is now 18 months since the current crisis erupted in Syria. A proxy war is an armed conflict between two states or non-state actors which act on the instigation or on behalf of other parties that are not directly involved in the hostilities. FAQs Today, the use of … The civil war in Syria is a rather convoluted example of a proxy war, which could partially be seen as an extension of both the Iranian/Saudi and Russian/American rivalries. October 11, 2020. In order for a conflict to be considered a proxy war, there must be a direct, long-term relationship between external actors and the belligerents involved. Regardless of how well the proxy appears to fit the need, the reliance on another to pursue interests and objectives means that the intervening state must prepare for the additional costs and challenges associated with working through a third party. Proxy wars were first defined by the way they manifested during the era of the Cold War: indirect confrontation between superpowers via substitute actors. Proxy battles in just war theory: Jus in Bello, the site of justice, and feasibility constraints Lazar, Seth and Valentini, Laura (2016) Proxy battles in just war theory: Jus in Bello, the site of justice, and feasibility constraints. Proxy war is covert and illegal, yet still frequently used as a strategy today. If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian. FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please In the 1970s and 1980s, a number of guerrilla conflicts in Latin America became de facto conflicts between the Soviet Union and the United States. DOI:10.11126/stanford/9781503608184.003.0004, Chapter 2 Sharpening the Definitions of Indirect Intervention and Proxy War, Chapter 3 The Evolution of Proxy War Since 1945, Chapter 6 South Africa’s Proxy War in Angola, Chapter 2 Sharpening the Definitions of Indirect Intervention and Proxy War, Chapter 3 The Evolution of Proxy War Since 1945, Chapter 6 South Africa’s Proxy War in Angola, Chapter 7 India’s Proxy War in Sri Lanka.   Most fighters (ISIS excluded) are driven by parochial—even personal—issues. The models evolve from social interactions, most notably through principal-agent interactions (power relationships) coupled with the oppressive character of time. This chapter presents a theory of how to conduct proxy war in a way that maximizes such a policy’s utility and efficacy. If a benefactor provides weapons to a proxy, they can land in the hands of terrorists. contact us. Proxy war or not, the bulk of the fighting in Syria is not about the regional balance of power. Efficacy describes the proxy’s ability to enable the intervening state to accomplish its desired objectives. CHAPTER 4 A THEORY OF PROXY WAR (pp. A proxy war is defined to be "a war fought between groups of smaller countries that each represent the interests of other larger powers, and may have help and support from these". Current theories suggest that two forms of proxy relationships exist, one characterized by an exploitative model and the other by a transactional model. The picture these theories paint of proxies are built upon principal-agent relationships and metered by strategic risk. The Cold War is now known for a number of proxy wars in which both the Soviet Union and the United States would support one side or the other in conflicts around the world. All Rights Reserved. A proxy war is an armed conflict between two states or non-state actors which act on the instigation or on behalf of other parties that are not directly involved in the hostilities. This chapter presents a theory of how to conduct proxy war in a way that maximizes such a policy’s utility and efficacy. [Dictionary 1] The United Nations does not wage war (or proxy war): its peacekeeping military actions are instead police actions. Keywords: Current theories suggest that two forms of proxy relationships exist, one characterized by an exploitative model and the other by a transactional model. In a proxy war, either side would strive to implement their own form of government, which would then serve as a beacon for similar revolutions in the region. Regardless of how well the proxy appears to fit the need, the reliance on another to pursue interests and objectives means that the intervening state must prepare for the additional costs and challenges associated with working through a third party. Regardless of how well the proxy appears to fit the need, the reliance on another to pursue interests and objectives means that the intervening state must prepare for the additional costs and challenges associated with working through a third party. This general theory of proxy warfare should serve as the basis for a proxy warfare doctrine. War (1979–1991) A New Age of Proxy Warfare Warning Signs: Renewed Rivalries in the 1990s and the 2000s The Arab Spring and Today’s Proxy Wars (2011–2018) Strategic Innovation and Proxy Proliferation Conclusion 54 Notes 57 2. If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. Ultimately, all this will likely produce a fragmentation of the country and a proxy war between Saudi-supported Sunni and Iranian-supported Shia, with the Kurds eventually going their own way. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter. Utility refers to the idea that a proxy can do what is needed—that it can perform the tasks necessary to carry out the intervention. The labels used until now to speak of the parties involved in indirect wars vary from “client” and “patron” to “principal” and “pawn”, and are essentially tributary to the Cold War quest for bloc building. The Strategy of War by Proxy. Chapter: (p.166) 7 Proxy Battles in Just War Theory Source: Oxford Studies in Political Philosophy, Volume 3 Author(s): Seth Lazar Laura Valentini Publisher: Oxford University Press However, this pre-Cold War scholarship on proxy wars focused predominantly on the use of proxies by superpowers to avoid conflict escalation and nuclear confrontation. Please, subscribe or login to access full text content. Introduction Interest in just war theory has boomed in recent years, as a revisionist school of thought has challenged the orthodoxy of international law, most famously defended by Michael Walzer [1977]. 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