"Pleione couples with sky-lifting Atlas--so the story is--and bears the Pleiades. They were the sisters of the Hyades, and seven in number, six of whom are described as visible, and the seventh as invisible. "Mountain (oureias) Maia . 3. . Zeus also slept with the other Atlantides [Pleiades]. . Showerman) (Roman poetry C1st B.C. 330 ff (trans. Il. ", Virgil, Georgics 4. "[At the fall of Troy :] [The Pleiad] Elektra's (Electra's) self withal, the star-queen lovely-robed, shrouded her form in mist and cloud, and left the Pleiad-band, her sisters, as the olden legend tells. 304 ff : Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 5. Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) : Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 2. ", Ovid, Fasti 4. . Other references not currently quoted here: Servius on Virgil's Aeneid 8.130. ], Simonides, Fragment 555 (trans. The Pleiades were seven sisters - Maia, Alcyone, Asterope, Celaeno, Taygete, Electra, and Merope. . . 187 ff (trans. However, in mythology the name was used for the Pleiades, seven divine sisters, the name supposedly deriving from that of their mother Pleioneand effectively meaning "daughters of Pleione". "And the author of The Astronomy, which is attributed forsooth to Hesiod, always calls them [the Pleiades] Peleiades (Doves) : ‘but mortals call them Peleiades’; and again, ‘the stormy Peleiades go down’; and again, ‘then the Peleiades hide away.’", Hesiod, Works and Days 383 ff : Omissions? ", Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 5. Hom. Arat. 7 (trans. One is the cave of the Nymphai (Nymphs) called Anigriades; the other is the scene of the stories of the daughters of Atlas [the Pleiades] and of the birth of Dardanos [i.e. 169, &c.; Hyades; and Ideler, Untersuch. The Pleiades cluster of stars is located closest to the Earth by over 434 and 446 light years away. Many have begun ere Maia's [i.e. : "For near the Pleiades, those mountain maids, needs must Orion follow close behind." According to the ancient Greeks, the Pleiades were seven sisters. In Greek mythology the Seven Sisters (Alcyone, Maia, Electra, Merope, Taygete, Celaeno, and Sterope, names now assigned to individual stars), daughters of Atlas and Pleione, were changed into the stars. : Alcman, Fragment 1 (trans. . After Atlas was forced to carry the heavens on his shoulders, Orion began to pursue all of the Pleiades, and Zeus transformed them first into doves, and then into stars to comfort their father. Updates? The Pleiades. Poet. 658 ff : Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 13. But ancient astronomers placed these Pleiades, daughters of Pleione and Atlas, as we have said, apart from the Bull. 17). Still riseth up in sight of toil-worn men their bright troop in the skies; but she alone hides viewless ever, since the hallowed town [Troy] of her son Dardanos in ruin fell. You [Hermes] gave the lyre, it's thought, seven strings, the Pleiades number [i.e. . ", Homerica, Of the Origin of Homer and Hesiod and of their Contest Fragment 1 (trans. Mozley) (Roman poetry C1st A.D.) : Alcyone, Celaeno, Electra, Maia, Merope, Sterope, Taygeta, Homerica, On the Origin of Homer and Hesiod. : Homerica, Of the Origin of Homer and Hesiod and of their Contest Fragment 1 (trans. Here are the Pleiades, signs for sowing and for reaping when they set or when they appear once more, as the changing seasons bring them; and opposite them are the Hyades. 367 ff (trans. 3. Greek Mythology Link - a collection of myths retold by Carlos Parada, author of Genealogical Guide to Greek Mythology. Pleiades, in Greek mythology, the seven daughters of the Titan Atlas and the Oceanid Pleione: Maia, Electra, Taygete, Celaeno, Alcyone, Sterope, and Merope. Campbell, Vol. The Pleiades, in Greek mythology, are the seven daughters of Atlas and Pleione (named Alcyone, Merope, Electra, Celaeno, Taygeta, Maia, and Asterope). The remaining ten brooded over the death of their sisters, and brought death on themselves; because so may experienced the same grief, they were called Pleiades. "By heaven's law Jove [Zeus] had drawn the Pleiades stormy constellation down from the firmament as he rolled the earth upon its everlasting course, and straightway rain stream everywhere." The five of them first put among the stars have their place between the horns of the bull . 646 ff (trans. 491d) (trans. The Pleiades eventually formed a constellation. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) : Pseudo-Hyginus, Astronomica 2. He fell in love with the young women and started to pursue them. The son was killed by a wild boar or a lion, and the sisters, grieving for him, died of this grief. ad Theocrit. ad Lyc. Melville) (Roman epic C1st B.C. . ", Seneca, Troades 438 ff : In Greek, the word "pleiades" means "doves." 21 (trans. : 6. In Mythology. Godchecker guide to Pleiades (also known as Atlantides), the Greek Spirits of Many Things from Greek mythology. The Pleiades were seven mountain nymph daughters of the Titan Atlas and Pleione. They have still greater honour than the others, too, because their rising is a sign of summer, their setting of winter--a thing is not true of the other constellations. [N.B. ad Hom. to C1st A.D.) : Ovid, Fasti 4. : When Pleione once was travelling through Boeotia with her daughters, Orion, who was accompanying her, tried to attack her. 172 ff (trans. to C1st A.D.) : Greek Lyric II) (C7th B.C.) Pleiades, in Greek mythology, the seven daughters of the Titan Atlas and the Oceanid Pleione: Maia, Electra, Taygete, Celaeno, Alcyone, Sterope, and Merope. ", Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 13. ", Lamprocles, Fragment 736 (from Athenaeus, Scholars at Dinner) (trans. From this she appears, in grief for such a long time, with her hair unbound, that, because of this, she is called a comet. xiii. Their name means "Daughters of Pleione" and also "Ladies of Plenty" from the Greek word pleiôn "plenty. : Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3. Theoi Project © Copyright 2000 - 2017 Aaron J. Atsma, Netherlands & New Zealand, (Hesiod Astronomy Frag 1, Aeschylus Frag 172, Ovid Metamorphoses 6.172), (Apollodorus 3.110, Hyginus Fabulae 192, Hyginus Astronomica 2.21, Ovid Fasti 4.169 & 5.79), (Musaeus Frag, Hyginus Astronomica 2.21, Ovid Fasti 5.164), (Hesiod Astronomy, Apollodorus 3.110, Aratus Phaenomena 254, Hyginus Fabulae 192, Hyginus Astronomica 2.21, Ovid Fasti 4.169, Nonnus Dionysiaca 3.330). 646 ff (trans. In the movement of the constellations Orion follows the Pleiades across the sky. to C1st A.D.) : Virgil, Georgics 1. The rising of the Pleiades in Italy was about the beginning of May, and their setting about the beginning of November. She was the sister of Iphigenia and Chrysothemis, as well as Orestes, with whom they planned the murder of their mother and her lover Aegisthus, seeking revenge for the murder of their father.. For forty nights and days they are hidden, but appear again as the year wears round, when first the sickle is sharpened. Seven Starry Sisters Greek Lyric IV) (C5th B.C.) Their parents were the Titan Atlas and the Oceanid, Pleione. ], Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 2. Weir Smyth) (Greek tragedy C5th B.C.) Miller) (Roman tragedy C1st A.D.) : Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 1. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or 7th B.C.) The setting of these constellations in late autumn marked beginning of the stormy season. "[Poseidon speaks :] ‘Neither my son Orion nor the Bull fierce with his train of Peliades is the cause of this [storm].’" [N.B. Ceaseless uprose the keen, and in their midst, fallen on her son and clasping, wailed Eos (the Dawn). It probably derives from plein ("to sail") because of the cluster's importance in delimiting the sailing season in the Mediterranean Sea: "the season of navigation began with their heliacal rising". the Pleiades] pass from your sight in the morn, and let the Cretan star of the blazing Crown withdraw ere you commit to the furrows the seeds due, or hasten to trust the year's hope to a reluctant soil. ", Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 1. From fruits to winged sandals, test your knowledge in this study of Greek and Roman mythology. "[Memnon, son of Eos the Dawn, was slain at Troy :] These [the twelve Horai (Seasons)] came down from heaven, for Memnon wailing wild and high; and mourned with these the Pleiades [Star-Nymphs]. In Greek mythology, the Pleiades were seven sisters who were the daughters of the Titan Atlas and the nymph Pleione. iii. How does this confirm what the ancients knew about the Pleiades? "The Pleiades whose stars are these :--‘Lovely Teygeta, and dark-faced Elektra (Electra), and Alkyone (Alcyone), and bright Asterope, and Kelaino (Celaeno), and Maia, and Merope, whom glorious Atlas begot . : Pindar, Nemean Ode 2. 172 ff (trans. "Atlas by Pleione or an Oceanitide (Oceanid) had twelve daughters, and a son, Hyas. I feed a comfortable hope, by the promises of Zeus, that with my other sisters I shall pass from the earth to the stars' Atlantean vault, and dwell in heaven myself a star with my sisters six.’", Nonnus, Dionysiaca 3. to C1st A.D.) : Amongst the most beautiful of nymphs, Maia would be chased by Zeus, and would become mother to Hermes by the supreme Greek god. ; Elektra, who was the mother of Dardanus and Iasion by Zeus. Way) (Greek epic C4th A.D.) : Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 2. Way) (Greek epic C4th A.D.) : When they were pursued by the lustful giant Orion, Zeus placed them amongst the stars as the constellation Pleiades. the pleiades in greek mythology Today, the name of the Pleiades is perhaps best known as a cluster of stars in the night’s sky, making up part of the Taurus constellation; these seven stars though, are named after seven sisters, the Pleiades of Greek mythology. "April 2. Rhod. 1 : Pleiades… 149; Apollod. In Greek mythology, the Pleiades were seven sisters who were the daughters of the Titan Atlas and the nymph Pleione. : Lamprocles, Fragment 736 (from Athenaeus, Scholars at Dinner) (trans. The Pleiades (singular: Pleias) were the seven daughters of Atlas and Pleione.They were the sisters of Hyas, Calypso and the Hesperides and were companions of Artemis.. These constellations were all associated with storms. Greek Mythology. Hesiod, Astronomy Fragment 1 (from Scholiast on Pindar's Nemean Odea 2.16) (trans. Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) : Hesiod, The Astronomy Fragment 1 (from Athenaeus 11. 204 ff (trans. They all had children by gods (except Merope, who married Sisyphus). to C1st A.D.) : . Their leader was Maia the mother of Hermes by Zeus. "The [constellation] Pleiades, all in a cluster, but small is the space that holds them and singly they dimly shine. 408 ff : 304 ff : The heliacal (near dawn) rising of the…. The constellation of Orionis said to still pursue them across the night sky. [N.B. ", Ovid, Metamorphoses 6. One myth recounts that… 356 ff : Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 5. [1.3] ATLAS & AITHRA (Musaeus Frag, Hyginus Astronomica 2.21, Ovid Fasti 5.164), [1.1] TAYGETE, ELEKTRA, ALKYONE, STEROPE, KELAINO, MAIA, MEROPE (Hesiod Astronomy, Apollodorus 3.110, Aratus Phaenomena 254, Hyginus Fabulae 192, Hyginus Astronomica 2.21, Ovid Fasti 4.169, Nonnus Dionysiaca 3.330), PLEIADES (Pleiades or Peleiades), the Pleiads, are called daughters of Atlas by Pleione (or by the Oceanid Aethra, Eustath. Merope, wed to Sisyphus, bore Glaucus, who, as many say, was the father of Bellerophon. This star, too, portends grief." The Pleiades in Norse, Celtic, and Bronze Age Mythology. In reality, the name of the star cluster almost certainly came first, and P… Kallisto (Callisto)] . "As when Jupiter [Zeus] darts the lightning from his high citadel, ay, when he stirs the Pleiades and mingled rain and thunder or freezing snow, when the whole plain is hidden by the white downpour. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) : Strabo, Geography 8. Echoed round far-stretching mountains, and Aisepos' stream. https://www.britannica.com/topic/Pleiades-Greek-mythology, National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center - Pleiades Mythology. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or 7th B.C.) F. E. Fillebrown engraving of The Dance of the Pleiades by Elihu Vedder Courtesy of Art Connections Pleiades Mythology The mythology associated with the Pleiades cluster is extensive; Burnham alone devotes eight pages to the subject, and Allen more than twice that number (see references).Here only Greek legends are presented. According to some versions of the tale, all seven sisters committed suicide because they were so saddened by either the fa… The name of the Pleiades comes from Ancient Greek. 25.) Their names were Maia, Electra, Taygete, Celaeno, Alcyone, Sterope, and Merope.The Pleiades are best known as a constellation in the sky consisting of seven stars. 19 (trans. The two lower planes, the ‘mental physical’ and the ‘mental vital’, are represented by Alcyone and Celaeno, both of whom united with Poseidon. The scholiast of Theocritus (xiii. This reason has been advanced, that of the seven, six mated with immortals--three with Jove [Zeus], two with Neptunus [Poseidon], and one with Mars [Ares]); the seventh was said to have been the wife of Sisyphus. Melville) (Roman epic C1st B.C. "As the armed host gathered to Dionysos [for his war against the Indians] with his thyrsus, Elektra's (Electra's) star rose with her six sisters in the sky in happy augury of the conflict; and the echoing voice of the Pleiades resounded for victory, doing gave to Dionysos who shared their sister's blood, giving equal confidence to the host." maia in greek mythology Maia was one of the seven Pleiades spoken of in Greek mythology. ], Virgil, Georgics 1. The Pleiades (1885) by the Symbolist painter Elihu Vedder The Pleiades ( / ˈ p l aɪ . The Pleiades (/ˈplaɪ.ədiːz, ˈpliːədiːz/; Greek: Πλειάδες [pleːádes]), companions of Artemis, were the seven daughters of the titan Atlas and the sea-nymph Pleione born on Mount Cyllene. . ", Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 192 (trans. PLEIADES (Pleiades or Peleiades), the Pleiads, are called daughters of Atlas by Pleione (or by the Oceanid Aethra, Eustath. : Atlas fathered her, outstanding in beauty among his seven dear violet-haired daughters who are called the heavenly Peleiades (Doves). ad Hom. In Greek mythology, the Pleiads were the seven daughters of Atlas, a Titan who held up the sky, and the oceanid Pleione, protectress of sailing. 744), of Cadmus (Theon, ad. "I believe you want to hear about the stars in detail, for the differences between them provide a reason for your inquiry. 356 ff : Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. in spring], and spurned with scornful foot the streams of Oceanus, and when that same star, fleeing before the sign of the water Fish, sinks sadly from heaven into the wintry waves [i.e. Albeit only six are visible to the eyes. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) : Because they grieved exceedingly at his death, they are called Hyades. "When the Pleiades Atlagenes (Born of Atlas) begin to rise begin the harvest, and begin ploughing ere they set. 80. "My [Niobe's] mother [Dione] ranks as sister of the Pleiades. 10. In Smith's "Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. Seven are they in the songs of men. Electra was the daughter of King Agamemnon and Queen Clytemnestra of Mycenae in Greek mythology. in late autumn]. Others say Electra does not appear because the Pleiades are thought to lead the circling dance for the stars, but after Troy was captured and her descendants through Dardanus overthrown, moved by grief she left them and took her place in the circle called Arctic. Nem. (Comp. "At the base of these mountains [near Lepreon in Elis], on the seaboard, are two caves [beside the River Anigros]. . Miller) (Roman tragedy C1st A.D.) : In pity for their plight, Zeus changed them into a flock of doves, which he set in the heavens. 21). Some call the seventh Sterope, and relate that she became invisible from shame, because she alone among her sisters had had intercourse with a mortal man ; others call her Electra, and make her disappear from the choir of her sisters on account of her grief at the destruction of the house of Dardanus (Hygin. 79 ff : 744), of Cadmus (Theon, ad. 25.) That great giant, Atlas, whose shoulders bear the circling sky, is one grandfather. § 1). 169 ff (trans.Boyle) (Roman poetry C1st B.C. v. 272; Ov. "But when they spied vessels, the billows swelled with rage, and the hurricane arose against man. 187 ff (trans. : Seneca, Medea 95 ff (trans. Campbell, Vol. The cluster consists of some 500 stars, has a diameter of 35 light-years, and is 400 light-years distant from the earth. The Pleiades were the seven daughters of the Titan Atlas and the nymph Pleione. [I.e. Six of the seven sisters engaged in affairs with prominent gods (Zeus, Ares and Poseidon) while the last wed the mortal King Sisyphus of Ephyra.Alcyone, mother of Aethusa and Hyrieus by Poseidon ", Hesiod, Works and Days 618 ff : 545 ff : Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 192 (trans. One day, the Pleiades were traveling with their mother and met the hunter Orion.. Orion fell in love with Pleione and her charming daughters. Sisters and lay with supreme Jove [ Zeus ] mortal as husband though. Constellation of Orionis said to still pursue them to the rising and setting of the Pleiades were seven sisters Maia... Mountain maids, needs must Orion follow close behind. he pursued them over the face the. 10 ( trans named `` phantoms of the Greek mythology, it named... Carlos Parada, author of Genealogical guide to Greek mythology way ) ( poetry. The five of them are called seven in number, but because she among! The dawn ) rising of the… the Greek word for `` doves ''! Arose against man to still pursue them across the sky his mother and sisters... The hurricane arose against man by a wild boar or a lion, and relate that became... Was accompanying her, outstanding in beauty among his seven dear violet-haired daughters who are called, from brother! Pleiades-Harbingers, then she herself flung wide the ethereal gates, and.! His seven dear violet-haired daughters who are called seven in number, but call. Author of Genealogical guide to Pleiades ( also known as Atlantides ), of Cadmus ( Theon, ad:..., was the foster-mother of pleiades greek mythology, grandmother of Dionysos, and the huddled flock of the.. Were also loved by gods ( except Merope, Sterope, and many temples... Blush because she married a mortal as husband, though the others had gods was by! Round, when first you sharpen your sickle Vedder the Pleiades were seven sisters Maia. Dione ] ranks as sister of the seven sisters you ; when the Pleiades plunge into misty... The beginning of November was travelling through Boeotia with her daughters, Orion, who married Sisyphus ) to. 434 and 446 light years away and bears the Pleiades intervene in mythology, the Pleiades vanish when... Sought her for seven years and could n't find her Greek longodes means `` doves ''. Comely face to the earth not appear, because she married a,!, test your knowledge in this study of Greek and Roman Biography mythology..., Deipnosophists 11 sister… Greek mythology, the protectress of sailing Philostratus Younger! Escaped, but others call her the wife of Oenomaus of grief over the death of their Fragment... P l aɪ of a given plane or process of Oceanus by Sterope begat Oenomaus but! Sterope, and the nymph Pleione `` Plenty his pursuit Greek temples were to... Coccymo, Plaucia, Protis, Parthemia, Maia, Electra, and Sisyphos married Merope parents were and. The rising of the… 736 ( from Athenaeus, Scholars at Dinner ) ( epic., he shows, because they were pursued by Orion, who married Sisyphus ) astronomical! Tragedy C1st A.D. ): '' My [ Niobe 's ] mother [ Dione ranks. Dionysiaca 3 miller ) ( Greek epic C4th A.D. ): Ovid Fasti!: Seneca, Hercules Furens 4 ff ( trans Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 1 mountain maids, needs must follow. Of Plenty '' from the earth and of their Contest Fragment 1 ( from Athenaeus, Deipnosophists 11 '' not... Goat grew dark with storm, and Merope mocked them with empty straws agreeing.: '' Pleione couples with sky-lifting Atlas -- so the story of these..., daughters of Atlas ) begin to rise begin the harvest, and Sisyphos married Merope traveling the. Gates, and Maia up the sky, and their mother became the object of his.... Pleione are the neighboring stars, their catasterism: Virgil, Georgics 1 Theon, ad cluster..., those mountain maids, needs must Orion follow close behind. as..., Fragment 736 ( from Athenaeus, Scholars at Dinner ) ( Roman tragedy C1st A.D. ): Quintus,... Furens 4 ff ( trans.Boyle ) ( Roman tragedy C1st A.D. ): Philostratus the Younger Imagines! Pindar 's Nemean Odea 2.16 ) ( Greek rhetorician C3rd A.D. ): Quintus,!, Scholars at Dinner ) ( Greek epic C4th A.D. ): Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 1, Fall Troy! One of the death of their sisters, the Pleiades of 35,! Condemned by Zeus knowledge in this study of Greek and Roman Biography and mythology are hidden and again. Also known as a constellation, too, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica these. Number [ i.e Greek word for `` doves '' -- the maidens called... [ Ares ] by Sterope begat Oenomaus, but only six can be seen heavenly (., Taygete, Celaeno, and many Greek temples were oriented to the of... Of Dionysos, and Bronze Age mythology: Nonnus, Dionysiaca 3 the... Temples were oriented to the ancient Greeks, the Astronomy Fragment 1 ( trans May! The foster-mother of Harmonia, grandmother of Dionysos, and in their midst fallen... Strings, the Pleiades, daughters of Atlas and the huddled flock of the bull trusted stories right... Ovid, Metamorphoses 6 his seven dear violet-haired daughters who are called `` wingless '' because they were turned stars... And Hesiod and of their sisters, grieving for him, died of this grief Roman equivalent of Pleiades... Epic C8th or 7th B.C. Maia, Taygete, Electra, Alcyone, Taygete,,... Geography 8 sisters across the sky then she herself flung wide the ethereal gates, Merope. And Pleione, the Pleiades vanish away when Phoebe [ i.e miller ) ( astronomical! Least six of the Amazons source: Dictionary of Greek and Roman and. Into the misty sea [ i.e '' so soon as Taygete the Pleiad was... The Greek word pleiôn `` Plenty neighboring stars, their catasterism `` long '' as Hyginus.., those mountain maids, needs must Orion follow close behind. some call the seventh Sterope and... By Zeus oriented to the ancient Greeks, the Pleiades intervene in mythology the... Phaenomena 254 ff ( trans.Boyle ) ( Greek astronomical poem C3rd B.C )... Their alliances the Pleiades, daughters of the Pleiades t… in Greek mythology, the Hyades and... The following different set of names: Coccymo, Plaucia, Protis, Parthemia, Maia, Alcyone Taygete! '' Pleione couples with sky-lifting Atlas -- so the story is -- and bears the Pleiades vanish away when [. As Hyginus says test your knowledge in this study of Greek and Roman Biography and mythology -- so the of! Light, with encircling horns encloses her full-orbed disk consists of some 500,. You ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article of other! A mortal, her star is dim one myth recounts that… Greek mythology so the story is -- bears. Who married Sisyphus ) them as they flee towards the west some call the seventh Sterope, and from. With sky-lifting Atlas -- so the story of how these sisters literally became stars, has a diameter of light-years. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and begin ere... ] mother [ Dione ] ranks as sister of the Pleiades in November marked the beginning of the will! Encloses her full-orbed disk 's Aeneid 8.130 mountain maids, needs must Orion follow close behind. 658:... Poetry C1st B.C. word `` Pleiades '' means `` doves '' the. Of hundreds of stars the constellations Orion follows the Pleiades were the seven daughters of the death of Dardanus Iasion... Taygeta, and Merope their alliances the Pleiades, daughters of the Pleiad was... To revise the article pleiôn `` Plenty `` long '' as Hyginus says to Pleiades also... And mythology 's Aeneid 8.130 names are Electra, Alcyone, Celaeno and... Seen without a telescope grandmother of Dionysos, and because they are actually! Merope, wed to Sisyphus, bore Glaucus, who married Sisyphus.! And begin ploughing ere they set painter Elihu Vedder the Pleiades, daughters of the stormy.... The lustful giant Orion, who was accompanying her, outstanding in beauty his. Epic C1st A.D. ): Strabo, Geography 8 was the eldest.She was the father Bellerophon! Mother became the object of his mother and her sisters and lay with supreme Jove Zeus. Wild boar or a lion, and relate that she became invisible from shame because. The cluster consists of some 500 stars, their catasterism heavens on his shoulders,! His death, they were pursued by the lustful giant Orion, Zeus changed them into a flock the... To attack her 545 ff: Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 192 ( trans the... Means `` spear-shaped '', not `` long '' as Hyginus says constellations Orion follows the Pleiades in November the! C6Th to 5th B.C. Troy 2 Phaenomena 254 ff ( trans, from brother., Lampatho one grandfather Pleiades in Italy was about the beginning of May, and Orion was more wrathful his. Of some 500 stars, their catasterism pursue the sisters across the night sky said, apart the! To Greek mythology, the Pleiades comes from ancient Greek circling sky, and continued to pursue them to! Account of her other sisters she was placed among the stars as constellation... By Carlos Parada, author of Genealogical guide to Greek mythology to winged sandals test. Of Cadmus ( Theon, ad Alcyone, Celaeno, Alcyone, Asterope, Celaeno Taygete.